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round the time when African colonies began to gain independence from European colonial powers, African literature was born. It is neither ironic nor strange that it was born in Europe. It developed gradually out of political movements, out of the exile of African and Caribbean writers in Europe, and out of the escalation of the publication of the works of African writers in French and in English.

What is worth emphasizing is that it happened centuries after indigenous African literature had been in existence and flourishing in the various kingdoms and nations in the African continent that became colonies of Britain, France, Belgium, Holland, Portugal and others. This was the very strong corpus of work in African oral literature, which was the lifeblood of their spiritual practice, religious beliefs, traditional social institutions, rites of passage, entertainment and the transmission of their wisdom and history.